Q:

Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} and B = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4}. a) List all the ordered pairs in the relation R = {(a, b) | a + b = 5} on A. b) List all the ordered pairs in the relation R = {(a, b) | a < b} on A. c) List all the ordered pairs in the relation R = {(a, b) | a < b} from A to B.

Accepted Solution

A:
Answer:a) R = {(1, 4), (2, 3)}b) R = {(1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (3, 4), (3, 5), (4, 5)}c) R = {(1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4), (3, 4)}Step-by-step explanation:Given sets,A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} and B = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4},a) If R = {(a, b) | a + b = 5} is the relation on A,That is, a, b ∈ A∵ 1 + 4 = 5,and 2 + 3 = 5,Thus, R = {(1, 4), (2, 3)}b)  If R = {(a, b) | a < b } is the relation on A,That is, a, b ∈ A∵ 1 < 2, 1 < 3, 1 < 4, 1 < 5, 2 < 3, 2 < 4, 2 < 5, 3 < 4, 3 < 5 and  4 < 5,Thus, R = {(1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (3, 4), (3, 5), (4, 5)}c) If R = {(a, b) | a < b } is the relation from A to B,That is, a ∈ A, b ∈ B,∵ 1 < 2, 1 < 3, 1 < 4, 2 < 3, 2 < 4 and 3 < 4Thus, R = {(1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4), (3, 4)}